Соглашения (Черновик)

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docs.oracle support.oracle UDC 38/CV
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  • Exchange (E)
  • Loans and Borrows (L)
  • Consignment (N)
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  • Throughput (T)
  • Storage
  • Tonne per Tonne
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  • Exchange (E)
  • Loans and Borrows (L)
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  • Purchase (P)
  • Sales (S)
  • Throughput (T)
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  • Comingled Stock (C)
  • Exchange (E)
  • Loans and Borrows (L)
  • Consignment (N)
  • Purchase (P)
  • Sales (S)
  • Throughput (T)
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Types of Agreements (from support.oracle)[править]

Many companies have legal documents that include all terms and stipulations of a contract. The agreement system allows the user to setup different types of agreements to track transactions and assure that the contract is being honored.

Loan or Borrow Agreements

A loan or borrow agreement is the most simple type of product exchange and is often in response to a potential stock shortage. It is usually for the same product and does not involve product or price differentials. In a shared facility, a simple borrow and loan agreement can occur when a company depletes its stock. If another company at the depot has stock available, it might agree to loan the stock against a planned replenishment. The other option is that the company might pick up; the product from a partner at another depot and replace it with product at a later date.

Exchange Agreements

An exchange agreement allows products to be traded between companies. The partners often agree to exchange specific quantities of product for a given time period. Exchanges involve different product or multiple products and often include a differential that one party pays per unit of product exchange. For example an exchange agreement may be setup to allow an exchange for every 10 LT of Regular used the partner gets 7 LT of Unleaded.

Throughput Agreements

A throughput agreement is essentially a service agreement in which Partner A agrees to store and manage product for Partner B for a specified period of time. Partner B actually owns the stock stored in Partner A's depot, but Partner A monitors the stock level, suggests replenishments, and unloads, stores and delivers product to the partner or its customers. Partner A might process customer sales for Partner B, or Partner B might simply pick up product to distribute to its customers. Partner A charges Partner B a service fee for managing, transporting, storing, and delivering product.

Sales Agreements

A sales agreement can be used in any industry. This agreement acts like a glorified blanket order, tracking the amounts of product sold to a client at a specific price for a given period of time.

Purchasing Agreements

Purchasing agreements, like sales, can be used in any industry. Used to track the amount of product purchased from a specific vendor for a specific price for a given period of time.

Types of Agreements[править]

Many companies use actual written legal documents that include all the terms and stipulations for each contract. Different kinds of agreements are used in the purchasing and sales cycles.

With the JD Edwards EnterpriseOne Agreement Management system, you can readily monitor many types of contracts. You can identify the volume or currency amount on each transaction that has been assigned a specific contract number and identify any out-of-balance contracts.

Loan or Borrow Agreements

A loan or borrow agreement is the simplest type of product exchange and often is used in response to a potential stock shortage. It is usually for the same product and does not involve product or price differentials. In a shared facility, a simple loan or borrow agreement can occur when a company depletes its stock. If another company at the depot has stock available, it might agree to loan the stock against a planned replenishment. Or a company might pick up product from a partner at another depot and replace it with product at a later date. Normally, loans and borrows are informal agreements that are settled in product.

Exchange Agreements

An exchange agreement allows products to be traded between companies. The partners often agree to exchange specific quantities of product for a given time period. Exchanges involve different products or multiple products and often include a differential that one party pays per unit of product exchanged. Financial differentials are not currently managed by Agreement Management, but are supported with the integrated systems.

If the agreement is for an extended period (one year, for example), the parties normally agree on monthly quantities to exchange. Partners generally expect exchanges of physical product to remain approximately in balance. However, imbalances do occur and are usually monitored on a monthly basis. Partners often review their contracts annually to bring the contracts in balance with adjustments, monetary payment, or product repayment.

Consignment Agreements

In a consignment agreement, the retailer acts as agent for the company. The product that is sold from the retail site is owned by the company. The company agrees to supply a specific volume of product to the retailer, based upon expected demand. The agent does not pay for the product upon delivery, but only upon sale of the product (at the agreed-upon price).

Throughput Agreements

A throughput agreement is essentially a service agreement in which Partner A agrees to store and manage product for Partner B for a specified time period. Partner B actually owns the stock that is stored in Partner A's depot, but Partner A monitors the stock level, suggests replenishments, and unloads, stores, and delivers product to the partner or its customers. Partner A might process customer sales for Partner B, or Partner B might simply pick up product for distribution to its customers. Partner A charges Partner B a service fee for managing, transporting, storing, and delivering product.

Tonne per Tonne Agreements

A tonne per tonne (transport) agreement involves moving product for a partner. Partner A transports its product along with Partner B's product and then unloads, stores, and delivers the product to Partner B. Partner B does the same for Partner A at another location. These agreements are limited to one physical product, but can involve one or more depots per partner.

Imbalance settlements usually involve throughput fees and transport charge differentials and are settled with a financial transaction instead of physical product.

Storage Agreements

In a storage agreement, one company provides storage facilities for another and charges a fee based on the quantity that is stored (cost per unit volume) and for the time that the product is stored or the storage space is held. The volume is monitored through Agreement Management and the associated fees are managed through supporting systems.